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How consent documents work for pallet racking

When it comes to pallet racking in New Zealand, all local councils require consent.

Pallet racking is considered a separate structure to the building. Whether you’re the landlord or the business owner – depending on the situation – someone must obtain consent for the pallet racking being used in that building.

The consent is part of the building code made up of the following PS1, PS2, PS3, PS4, fire report, slab report and a lighting report. The requirements of consent outline how stable structures should be to protect lives and property.  It makes allowance for the intended use of a building, the consequence of failure and other limitations.

Not having consent on your racking could affect your insurance or possibly even your health and safety compliance in an emergency. Here’s a brief description of each of the consent documents and how they work.

Producer Statement 1 (PS1) is the evaluation of your racking design factoring in your seismic area, loading capacity and other considerations by an independent engineer. They will check and either sign off on the plan or come back with additional requirements.

The PS1 could come back with any of the following:

– Bigger post width

– Thicker post

– Higher beam profile

– Additional bracing

– Anchor requirement and embedment depth

This could even go the other way depending on the loading you need, and they may also recommend a lower spec of any of the above.

Once the plan has been updated to the engineer’s specifications the PS1 will be signed off.

PS2  is a peer review of the PS1 and will be sent to a different engineering company for evaluation. Outcomes of the PS2 could be the same as above at which point you would go back to the original engineer and discuss the findings of the PS2. Some councils may not require a PS2, or may require one at their discretion.

The PS3 is form that is signed by the installation supervisor carrying out the install. Basically, it asserts that the installers installed the racking as per the PS1.

Once the installation has been completed, you arrange for the original engineer to come to site and confirm the racking has been installed to the PS1 and issue a PS4.

Someone must obtain consent for the pallet racking being used in that building

A Fire report will assess the building and your product and issue recommendations. They will look for any need for in-rack sprinklers, solid board within levels, flue spaces and conformation of maximum storage height.

An Emergency lighting report will dictate where you need emergency lightning. In the event of a power cut, the emergency lighting report will dictate where you need adequate lighting for safe evacuation.

A Slab report is the conformation that the weight you’re putting on the racking can be held by the concrete slab. If there are any issues with this (i.e. your slab is thin or compromised), engineers can formulate a plan to rectify, hopefully without the need for a new one.

Code of Compliance (CCC). Once the PS4 has been issued, you arrange for the council to come to site to assess. The council will require all of the above reports along with the building WOF before issuing you with your Code of Compliance.

If you want an approximate price for consent, give us a call or contact us using the form below and we’ll be back to you with a rough idea of the cost. Even better, if you don’t have time to arrange engineers or wrangle local councils, we can take care of all of it for you. Just get in touch with the subject line, “Help me, I fucking hate councils” and we’ll be right back to you.

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Top 3 most dangerous pallet racking damages that you can check for right now

Check out these high-risk areas of your pallet racking yourself to see if your racking needs urgent repair.

End frames

Warehouses need to utilise as much space as possible and many will try to use the space at the end of the row to store or hold pallets but this can lead to damage to the end frames. As multiple pallets pile up and out, the forklift movement pushes them further into the frame and can lead to warped bracing or dented posts that create severe structural damage.


Damage to the end frames can be fixed easily and may be able to be repaired in place but may require a full emptying of the bay and loss of productivity. To prevent this, avoid placing pallets next to the end frames where possible. Install end frame protectors and check often for bent or cracked steel on the posts and bracing.


Bottom bracing

The bottom horizontal and first diagonal bracing is commonly damaged from pallets not being placed in the bay straight. Less care is taken on the ground level as this is ‘easy’ for the operator. Pallets that are put in and taken out of the bay that are on an angle typically make contact with the horizontal and/or the first diagonal and bend them.


The fix is the same as with the end frame – you may be able to repair in place, or you may need to unload the bays either side of the frame. If you’ve found this type of damage you may need to install post protectors or in-frame protectors – this will ensure the pallet is pushed away from the frame upon entry and exit.

Your beam is probably the part of the racking system that is most likely to kill someone.


Safety clips

Safety clips, safety clips, safety clips! Safety clips are a small, usually silver-coloured pin that stops the beam from coming free of the slot. You may have a nut and bolt, a powder coated pin or a new-style flat clip. Your beam is probably the part of the racking system that is most likely to kill someone. A beam with a missing clip is like a game of Russian roulette – all it takes is a large pallet below to go up 1cm too much and the beam above can become dislodged and the operator below may not be aware of what has occurred until they start removing the pallet. The level above the pallet being removed may become unstable so your stock along with the beam may come crashing to the ground.


Have a look at every beam in your warehouse and make sure each has two clips or fastenings on each beam. Safety clips are cheap to buy and easy to install so if you need some but aren’t sure what type, snap a photo of your posts and beams next to a tape measure, email it through to info@magnitudeconcepts.co.nz and we’ll let you know what brand of racking you have.

Too busy to check this all out yourself? We offer pallet racking audits and inspections for any type of racking with no obligations from $299 + GST. Check out in detail what we do HERE, or contact us using the form below and we’ll come out at your convenience for a full safety check.